IMPLEMENTATION OF SOLUTION FOCUSED BRIEF THERAPY (SFBT) TO IMPROVE SELF-ESTEEM IN ADOLESCENTS AT THE AISYAH ORPHANAGE KOTO TANGAH TIMUR BRANCH, PADANG

Anisa Febristi, Nicen Suherlin

Abstract


Adolescence is the stage between childhood and maturity. Adolescence is a particularly vulnerable stage of development for psychological problems, specifically low self-esteem. Self-esteem is an aspect of an individual’s satisfaction with individual self-assessment. Given the consequences of low self-esteem, an intervention is necessary to maintain a healthy level of self-esteem. Various approaches include the following: Solution-Focused Brief Group Therapy (SFBGT). The objective is to alter the problematic condition in such a way that addressing the solution to the problem is identical. Purposive sampling is a research technique that is used to identify research subjects that have low self-esteem. The researchers used the Rosenberg questionnaire to assess adolescents living in the Aisyiah orphanage in East Koto, Padang, who reported experiencing low self-esteem. Counseling on each subject involves 4 sessions, or 6 to 8 meetings of 60-70 minutes each. This study has a single group pre- and post-test design, with measurements taken before and after treatment. The Wilcoxon Test was used to examine the research data (Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test). The pre-test results indicated adolescents had low self-esteem (73.3%) prior to receiving the intervention at the Aisyah Orphanage in East Koto. Modules and worksheets were used to support each session of the intervention. There was a change in self-esteem scores (post-test) when compared to normal categories (86.7%). This study discovered that (p Value = 0.003) had a significant effect on the provision of interventions to adolescents in the Aisyiah orphanage in East Koto, Padang.


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