Perilaku Bullying Fisik Dan Lokasi Kejadian Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

Yulastri Arif, Dwi Novrianda

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Perilaku kekerasan fisik pada anak dewasa ini telah menjadi issue strategis di Indonesia,baik dikota-kota besar maupun dipedesaan, namun belum ada angka pasti tentang berapa besar prevalensi kejadiannya terutama yang dialami siswa sekolah dasar. Tujuan.penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi perilaku bullying fisik pada siswa sekolah dasar dan  lingkungan sekolah yang berisiko sebagai lokasi perlakuan bullying.

Desain penelitian berupa survey dengan subjek siswa kelas IV-VI sekolah dasar negeri dan swasta di Kota Padang. Penelitian berlangsung pada bulan Sepetember sampai November 2016. Tehnik pengambilan sampling dilakukan dengan proporsional random sampling dengan jumlah total sampel 202 siswa. Hasil penelitian ditemukan delapan tindakan fisik yang diterima siswa sekolah dasar korban bullying yaitu : dipukul, didorong, digigit, dijambak, ditendang, dikunci di  kelas, dicubit, diambil barang, dan dicakar. Lingkungan sekolah yang teridentifikasi sebagai tempat tindakakan bullying ada di lima lokasi yaitu  ruang kelas, lokasi istirahat, kantin, kamar mandi dan saat berangkat ke sekolah. Jadi dapat disimpulkan tindakan Bullying fisik yang paling banyak diterima siswa SD Negeri 13 Ulak Karang, SD Negeri 1 Air Tawar, SD Pertiwi dan SD Aisyah kota Padang adalah dicubit, ditendang dan dipukul, sedangkan perilaku fisik berupa digigit merupakan proporsi yang paling rendah dan lingkungan sekolah yang paling berisiko tempat terjadinya tindakan kekerasan adalah dikamar mandi.

Kata kunci : Bullying fisik, sekolah dasar, lokasi tindakan kekerasan

 

Physical Bullying Behavior and Location of Events in Elementary School Students

 

ABSTRACT

 

Today's physical violence behavior has become a strategic issue in Indonesia, both in big cities and in rural areas, but there is no exact figure about the prevalence of the incidence, especially for primary school students. The purpose of this study is to identify physical bullying behavior in elementary school students and at risk school environments as the location of bullying treatment.The research design was in the form of a survey with the subject of grade IV-VI students from public and private elementary schools in the city of Padang. The study took place from September to November 2016. The sampling technique was carried out by proportional random sampling with a total sample of 202 students. The results of the study found eight physical actions received by elementary school students who were victims of bullying, namely: being beaten, pushed, bitten, grabbed, kicked, locked in class, pinched, taken, and scratched. The school environment identified as a place for bullying acts is in five locations, namely classrooms, resting locations, canteens, bathrooms and when going to school. So it can be concluded that the physical bullying that is most accepted by students at SD Negeri 13 Ulak Karang, SD Negeri 1 Air Tawar, SD Pertiwi dan SD Aisyah in Padang is pinched, kicked and beaten, while the physical behavior of being bitten is the lowest proportion and environment the school most at risk of the occurrence of acts of violence is in the bathroom.

 

Keywords: Physical bullying, elementary school, location of acts of violence


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30633/jkms.v10i1.317

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