FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU IBU DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 DAN KELENGKAPAN IMUNISASI DASAR PADA BAYI 9-13 BULAN DI PUSKESMAS KOYA KABUPATEN MINAHASA

Eireine Maria Pandoh, Adrian Umboh, Novie Rampengan

Abstract


Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunization (GAVI), World Health Organization (WHO), and United Nations International Children Emergency Fundy (UNICEF) reported that 80 million children aged less than 1 year are at risk of suffering from diseases that can be prevented by giving immunizations (PD3I) due to disruption of routine immunization services in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between these factors.Related to maternal behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic and completeness of basic immunization for infants 9-13 months at the Koya Health Center in Minahasa Regency. The sample obtained amounted to 145 respondents with purposeve sampling technique. The activety began by signing the agreement, and continued with interviews, then filling out the questionnaire.Design This research is analytic observational, with aapproach cross sectional. Data analysis used univariate analysis, bivariate analysis withtest Chi-square, and multivariate with logistic regression test. The results of thetest chi square of each variable found the p value of education (p = 0.01), work (p = 0.193), knowledge (p = 0.01), attitude (p = 0.01), family support (p = 0.01) p=0.01), attitude of health workers (p=0.02). The results of the logistic regression test showed that the variable with the highest OR value was family support (OR = 2.45). Conclusion: there is a relationship between education, knowledge, attitudes, family support, attitudes of health workers to the completeness of basic immunization, and the factor most related to the completeness of basic immunization is family support.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azwar, S. 2010. Sikap Manusia Teori dan Pengukurannya. Jakarta. Pustaka Pelajar Offiset

Carolin, Widowati, Situmorang. Faktor- faktor yang mempengaruhi status kelengkapan imunsasi Tambahan Pada Bayi Usia 2-24 Bulan. Jurnal For Quality in Women’s Health Vol. 4, No. 1, Maret 2021. Pp. 40-45. P-ISSN 2615-6660.

Dewi. A, 2013. Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan ibu dengan pemberian imunisasi dasar lengkap pada bayi di kelurahan parupuak Tabing Wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lubuk Buaya. Universitas Andalas.

Fitriani, E. 2017. Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ketepatan Pemberian Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi di Puskesmas Perawatan Tanjung Seloka Kabupaten Kotabaru Tahun 2017. Yogyakarta. Politeknik Kesehatan Kementrian Kesehatan Yogyakarta.Pdf,( http://eprints.poltekkesjogja.ac.id/1780)

Ismet. 2013. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan imunisasi dasar lengkap pada bayi di desa botubarani kecamatan kabila bone. Jurnal Keolaragaan Universitas Negeri Gorrontalo.

Kedhi, B, Kusumaningsih, I, Susilo, W. 2020. Factors Related to the Completeness of Immunization in Public Health Center Ladja, Ngada 2019. Asvances in Health Sciences Research, Vol 30. International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020). Pdf. Diakses 8 Juni 2021. (125946602.pdf)

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2014. Buku Ajar Imunisasi.Pdf. diakses12 November 2020. http://bppsdmk.kemkes.go.id/pusdiksdmk/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/03Buku-Ajar-Imunisasi-06-10-2015-small.pdf

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2020. Buletin Surveilans PD3I & Imunisasi Edisi 2 Juli 2020.Pdf. diakses 18 November 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/searo/indonesia/sit-rep/buletin-surveilans-pd3i-dan-imunisasi-edisi-2-2020.pdf?sfvrsn=2a76da54_2

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2020. Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) Maret 2020.Pdf. file:///C:/Users/USER/AppData/Local/Temp/REV04_Pedoman_P2_COVID-19__27_Maret2020_TTD1.pdf

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. 2015. Rencana Strategis Kementrian Kesehatan Tahun 2015-2019 (Keputusan Mentri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor HK.02.02/MENKES/52/2015).Pdf. diakses 19 November 2020. https://www.kemkes.go.id/resources/download/info-publik/Renstra-2015.pdf

Lumangkun, K, Ratang, B, Tumbol, R. 2016. Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan status imunisasi dasar anak berumur tiga tahun di wilayah kerja puskesmas kombos kota manado.jurnal.fkm.unsrat.ac.id.pdf. diakses 6 Juni 2021. (karen.pdf (unsrat.ac.id)

Mubarak, Wahit igbal. 2012. Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Konsep dan Aplikasi dalam Kebidanan. Jakarta, Salemba Medika.

Notoatmodjo. 2010. Metode Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: PT ECG

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 12 Tahun 2017. Penyelenggaraan Imunisasi.Pdf. diakses 23 November 2020. http://hukor.kemkes.go.id/uploads/produk_hukum/PMK_No._12_ttg_Penyelenggaraan_Imunisasi_.pdf

Suparyanto. 2011. Konsep dan peran ibu dalam keluarga.Jakarta. Rineka Cipta

Sumanti, R. 2017. Pengaruh Karakteristik Ibu, Jarak, Dukungan Keluarga dan Dukungan Petugas Kesehatan Terhadap Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tnah Tinggi Kecamatan Binjai Timur Kota Binjai Tahun 2017.Medan.Universitas Sumatera Utara. (http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/68766)

Safira, B.R. 2018. Pengaruh Karakteristik Ibu, Dukungan Keluarga dan Sikap Petugas Kesehatan Terhadap Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Lengkap Pada Bayi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Pining Kecamatan Pining Kabupaten Gayo Lues Tahun 2018. Jurnal Unoversitas Sumatera Utara. Medan

Schneeberg, A., Bettinger, J. A., Mc Neil, S., Ward, B. J., Dionne, M., Cooper, C., Halperin, S. A. 2014. Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours of olders adults about pneumococcal immunization, a Public Health Agency of Canada/Canadian Institutes of Health Research Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) investigation. BMC Public Health, 14(442),1-9.pdf. Diakses 8 Juni 2021. (https://doi.org/10.1186.1471-2458-14-442)

Suwantika. A, Boersma. C, Postma. M, 2020. The Potential impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the Immunization performance in Indonesia.Pdf. Diakses 20 Februari 2021. (The Potential Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Immunization Performance in Indonesia (kebijakankesehatanindonesia.net)

World Health Organization, 2020. World Health Organization Coronavirus Disease 2019 Global Situation 2020. Diakses 13 maret 2021. https://covid19.who.int/

Wijaya E. 2020. Pandemi COVID-19 menurunkan cakupan imunisasi anak Indonesia apa bahaya dan solusinya. Diakses 21 Juni 2021. (Pandemi Covid-19 menurunkan cakupan imunisasi anak Indonesia, apa bahaya dan solusinya? (theconversation.com)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30633/jkms.v13i1.1142

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




e-ISSN : 2540-9611
p-ISSN : 2087-8508


Publish by Stikes Syedza Saintika Padang (Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka No. 228 Air Tawar Timur Padang)

Contact Person :

Ns. Honesty Diana Morika,M.Kep
Editor In Chief
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
STIKes SYEDZA Saintika Padang

Phone: 082384992512

 

Wiya Elsa Fitri, M.Si

Editor

Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
STIKes SYEDZA Saintika Padang

Phone: 08116609525

Jl. Prof. Dr. Hamka No. 228 Air Tawar Timur Padang - Sumatera Barat


Email: lppmsyedza@gmail.com


Google Schoolar Crossref logo SintaPortal Garuda 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Flag Counter